Before we can talk too much more about schizophrenia, we need to mention what it is in a more clear manner, summarized, so we have somewhat of a preview in hand for future discussion. Schizophrenia happens inside a person’s mind, for the most part. It can cause confusion between the real world and thoughts, called delusions and hallucinations. We all have these thoughts but we know the difference between them and what’s actually real.
It’s kind of like being in a dream but not realizing you are dreaming. A schizophrenic person can feel like their strange thoughts are real things. And a big kicker is that the person may not even realize that these weird ideas and concepts aren’t imaginary.
Nobody is truly certain why schizophrenia happens to certain people and not to others. There are no clear causes, just correlations. There are suggestions it could be related to literal, physical problems with the brain. There are also thoughts that it’s related to neurotransmitters, the chemicals in our brains that help regulate our moods. There are those who believe it is a spiritual sickness.
What we do know is that there is a genetic component to schizophrenia, meaning that if you have a family member who has dealt with this, then you are more likely to as well. If you have an identical twin, you are very likely to experience schizophrenia if he or she has before too.